Bone grafting is commonly performed to replace or augment bone in areas of tooth loss. Bone grafting to the jaws and facial structures may be necessary in a wide variety of scenarios. The most common bone grafts are facial skeleton and jaw procedures. Other common procedures include tooth extraction site graft, bone graft reconstruction and for a sinus lift. Shrinkage of bone often occurs when a tooth is lost due to trauma, severe caries, or periodontal disease. Additionally, bone loss may have already occurred due to infection or pathology around a tooth.
When a tooth is extracted, it leaves an empty socket. The soft tissue and bone in an empty socket will cause the jaw bone to deteriorate since there is no longer a tooth in place to provide stimulation. Significant bone loss in the jaw makes it impossible to place dental implant. Ridge Augmentation, referred as ridge preservation involves placing bone graft directly into the empty socket where a tooth's roots used to be, to help create the natural shape of the gums and jaw that may have been lost following tooth extraction.
PRP & PRGF (Thrombin & Fibrinogen)
Platelet‐rich plasma (PRP) also known as "Sticky Bone" is a source of growth factors that promote wound healing and tissue regeneration.
Plasma Rich in Growth Factors (PRGF) is a blood product that contains concentrated levels of a patient’s own growth factors. The membrane/plug is responsible for the managing of how the body heals. Increasing the number and concentration of growth factors in a healing wound not only increases the speed of healing, but can increase the quality and quantity of new bone and tissue.
Both of the products are produced from your own blood and placed into a centrifuge, where the blood is then processed to help separate the blood into distinct layers.
Platelet Rich Plasma & Plasma Rich in Growth Factors are frequently used during extractions and bone grafting in preparation for dental implants. Can also be used during sinus augmentation.